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Ministry of Energy Mines and Responsible for Core Review

Ore Deposits, Tectonics and Metallogeny in the Canadian Cordillera

Paper 1991 - 4

by W.J. McMillan, T. Höy, D.G. MacIntyre, J.L. Nelson, G.T. Nixon, J.L. Hammack,
A. Panteleyev, G.E. Ray and I.C.L. Webster


(PDF document, 1.3 Mb)
Note 1: This PDF file also contains the document title page, CIP information and Table of Contents.

William J. McMillan:
Tectonic Evolution and Setting of Mineral Deposits in the Canadian Cordillera
Preface; Acknowledgments
(PDF document, 579 Kb)

Andrejs Panteleyev:
Chapter 1: Introduction: Toward a Metallogeny
(PDF document, 1.0 Mb)

William J. McMillan:
Chapter 2: Overview of the Tectonic Evolution and Setting of Mineral Deposits in the Canadian Cordillera

Introduction; Definitions and Concepts; The Canadian Cordillera; North American Rocks; Accreted Rocks; Summary; Plate Tectonics and Mineral Deposit Settings; Deposits in Oceanic and Island-arc Settings; Volcanogenic Massive Sulphides; Magmatic Deposits; Porphyry Copper Deposits; Skarn Deposits; Gold in Island-arc and Back-arc Settings; Mesothermal Deposits; Epithermal Deposits; Transitional Deposits; Deposits in Oceanic Rocks; Summary; Deposits in North American Rocks; Deposits in Accreted Rocks; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References
(PDF document, 11.1 Mb)

D.G. MacIntyre:
Chapter 3: SEDEX - Sedimentary Exhalative Deposits
Introduction; Deposit Characteristics; Distribution in Time and Space; Canadian Cordillera Deposits s:; Middle Proterozoic; Sullivan District; Other Deposits; Wernecke Supergroup; Muskwa Assemblage; Mackenzie Mountains Supergroup; Late Proterozoic; Cambrian to Middle Devonian; Early Cambrian; Kootenay Arc Deposits; Shuswap Deposits; Adams Plateau; Selkirk Mountains; Anvil Camp; Other Cambrian Deposits; Middle Ordovician (Road River); Gataga District; Early Silurian; Howard’s Pass District; Maxi; Gataga District; Early-Middle Devonian; Middle Devonian-Mississippian; MacMillan Pass District; Other Selwyn Basin Deposits; Gataga District; Red Dog; Cassiar and Kootenay Terrane Deposits; Genetic Models; Modern Submarine Exhalative Systems; Environment of Deposition; Nature of Mineralizing Fluids; Source of Metals; Source of Sulphur; Temperature and Composition of the Fluids; Tectonic Controls; Deposit Morphology; Discussion; Exploration Guidelines; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References
(PDF document, 28.5 Mb)

JoAnne L. Nelson:
Chapter 4: Carbonate-hosted Lead-Zinc (±Silver, Gold) Deposits
Introduction; The Models; Kootenay Arc-type Deposits; Mississippi Valley-type Deposits; Manto-type Deposits; Lead Isotopic Signatures of Carbonate-hosted Deposits; References
(PDF document, 10.1 Mb)

Trygve Höy:
Chapter 5: Volcanic Massive Sulphide (VMS) Deposits in British Columbia
Introduction; Tectonic Setting; Deposit Morphology; Alteration Zones; Genesis; Distribution; Classification; Cu-Zn Deposits - Cyprus-type; Cu-Zn Deposits - Besshi-type; Zn-Pb-Cu Deposits - Kuroko-type; VMS Deposits in British Columbia; Classification; Cu-Zn: CvDrus-tvoe :; Chu Chua; Anyox; Cu-Zn: Besshi-type ; Goldstream; Windy Craggy; Zn-Pb-Cu: Kuroko-type; Buttle Lake Camp; Rea; Homestake; Kutcho Creek; Eskay Creek; Summary; Acknowledgment; Selected Bibliography
(PDF document, 21.7 Mb)

Graham T. Nixon and Janet L. Hammack:
Chapter 6: Metallogeny of Ultramafic-Mafic Rocks in British Columbia with Emphasis on Platinum-Group Elements
Introduction; Terms and Definitions; Tectonic Setting; Nomenclature of Ultramafic-Mafic Rocks; Alaskan-type Complexes; Ophiolites; Mineral Deposit Types; Chromite; Chromite Deposit Model; Chromite Occurrences; Nickel; Nickel Deposit Model; Nickel Occurrences; Platinum-Group Elements; PGE Deposit Models; Alaskan-type Complexes; PGE Occurrences; PGE Abundances; PGE as an Exploration Tool; Platinum-group Minerals (PGM) as an; Exploration Tool: Lode versus Placer; Deposits - the Chromitite Connection; Implications of PGM Speciation and PGE; Abundances for Exploration; Gold; Listwanite Model; Listwanite Occurrences; Acknowledgments; References
(PDF document, 21.5 Mb)

Andrejs Panteleyev:
Chapter 7: Gold in the Canadian Cordillera – a Focus on Epithermal and Deeper Environments
Introduction; Gold Production; Deposit Classification; Deposit Distribution; Age of Gold Mineralization; Hydrothermal Fluid Sources and Gold; Solubility; Hydrothermal Fluid Sources; Gold Solubility and Deposition; Solubility; Mineral Deposition; Summary; Cordilleran Mesothermal Gold Deposits; Geodynamic Setting and Genetic Models; Timing and Sequence of Mineralizing; Events; Major British Columbia Mesothermal Deposits; Summary; Mesothermal to Epithermal Transitional Deposits; Epithermal Deposits; Deposit Types and Mineralogy; Geological Setting and Hydrothermal Fluid; Hydrodynamics in Epithermal Environments; Volcanic Environments and Depth-Zoning; Relationships of Epithermal and Related Deposits; Major B.C. Epithermal Deposits; Summary; Acknowledgments; References
(PDF document, 37.4 Mb)

G.E. Ray and I.C.L. Webster:
Chapter 8: An Overview of Skarn Deposits
Introduction; Classification; Evolutionary Model of Skam Formation; Distribution, Age and Tectonic Setting; General Characteristics; Mineralogy; Associated Intrusions; Morphology of Skarns; Skarn Deposits; Iron Skarns; Copper Skarns; Tungsten Skarns; Molybdenum Skarns; Zinc-lead Skarns; Tin Skarns; Gold Skarns (including PME Skarns); Distribution of Gold and PME Skarns; Characteristics of Gold Skarns; Problems in Classifying Gold and PME Skarns; Exploration Criteria for Gold and PME Skarns; Skarns in British Columbia; Distribution of Occurrences and Deposits; Metal Production from Skarns; Acknowledgments; Selected Bibliography
(PDF document, 26.9 Mb)

W.J. McMillan:
Chapter 9: Porphyry Deposits in the Canadian Cordillera
Introduction; Definition of the Term Porphyry Deposit; Worldwide Distribution of Porphyry Deposits; Ages of Intrusion and Mineralization; Depth of Emplacement; Characteristics of Associated Intrusive Rocks; Alteration in Porphyry Systems; Hydrogene Mineralization and Metal Patterns; Classification of Cordilleran Porphyry Deposits; Classification Based on Morphology, Rock Exploration Methods Associations and Depth; Chemical Classification: Calkalkalic and Alkalic Classes; Classification by Metal Content; Gold-rich Porphyries; Cordilleran Alkalic Cu-Au Porphyries; Supergene Alteration in the Cordillera; Hydrothermal Systems, Transport and Sources of Metals; References
(PDF document, 16.5 Mb)


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