Skip to main content

Skip to navigation

The access keys for this page are:

Ministry of Energy Mines and Responsible for Core Review

Introduction to Prospecting

Paper 1986 - 4

by E.L. Faulkner


(PDF document, 4.9 Mb)
Note 1: This PDF file also contains the document title page, CIP information and Table of Contents.

Chapter 1 - Minerals
Introduction, Mineral Properties
(PDF document, 3.7 Mb)

Chapter 2 - Mineral Identification
Introduction, Additional Notes
(PDF document, 1.4 Mb)

Chapter 3 - Identification of Rocks 
Introduction, Classification, Igneous Rocks, Sedimentary Rocks, Metamorphic Rocks, Practical Tips ,The Identification of Igneous Rocks, Additional Notes
(PDF document, 10.3 Mb)

Chapter 4 - Identification of Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks 
Sedimentary Rocks, Chemical or Organic Origin, Mechanical Origin, Metamorphic Rocks, Massive or Recrystallized Rocks, Foliated Rocks, Comments on Rock Identification
(PDF document, 4.0 Mb)

Chapter 5 - Geology 
Introduction, Important Features of Igneous Rocks, Important Features of Sedimentary Rocks, Important Features of Metamorphic Rocks, Structural Geology, Recognition of Faults, Folds, Unconformities, Conclusion, Additional Notes
(PDF document, 11.4 Mb)

Chapter 6 - Mineral Deposits 
Introduction, The Formation of Mineral Deposits, Terminology of a Mineral Deposit, Mineral or Metal Associations, Visual Indications of Mineralization, Colour Stains and their possible Significance, Classification of Mineral Deposits, Favourable Areas, Sampling and Assaying, Additional Notes - Assay Calculations
(PDF document, 33.0 Mb)

Chapter 7 - Mining
Introduction, From Prospect to Mine, Requirements for a Mine, Ore, Accessibility, Methods of Mining, Space, Processing the Ore, Marketing the Product
(PDF document, 4.0 Mb)

Chapter 8 - Fieldwork
Introduction, Maps, The National Topographic System (NTS), Air Photographs, Compasses, Geological Maps, Planning Fieldwork, In The Field, Open Pit or Underground Prospect?, Love Affairs, Additional Notes - (I ) Tips on the use of a Compass, Additional Notes - (2) Geological Mapping
(PDF document, 12.3 Mb)

Chapter 9 - Claim Staking and Legal Requirements 
Introduction, Requirements for Staking, Staking Mineral Claims, Modified Grid Method, 2 Post Method, Comparison of the Two Methods, Ground Available for Staking, Recording, Staking Placer Claims, Maintaining Claims and Leases, General Comments, Practical Tips
(PDF document, 8.4 Mb)

Chapter 10 - Geochemistry and Geophysics 
Introduction, Some Words of Caution, Geochemical Prospecting, Geochemical Tests, Stream Sediment Geochemistry, Geophysical Prospecting, The Ultraviolet Lamp, Prospecting with an Ultraviolet Lamp, Additional Notes - Other Geophysical Methods
(PDF document, 5.8 Mb)

Chapter 11 - Placer Deposits 
Introduction, Minerals Found in Placer Deposits, Formation of Placer Deposits, In-Stream Processes, Down-Stream Processes, Paystreaks and Traps, Generalizations on Alluvial Placers, The Role of Man, Effects of Glaciation, Sampling of Placer Deposits, Additional Notes - (1) Using The Gold Pan, (2) Units Of Measurement, (3) Sampling a Placer Deposit (Test Pits), (4) Sampling a Placer Deposit (Test Trenches),  (5) Operating Pitfalls.
(PDF document, 10.3 Mb)

Chapter 12 - Preparing Claims and Making a Deal 
Introduction, Preparing your Claims, Who to Approach, The First Contact, On the Property, Terminology of a Deal, Making A Deal, Conclusion, Additional Notes - Working Options and General Information Index
(PDF document, 4.6 Mb)

Additional General Information
(PDF document, 1.0 Mb)

(PDF document, 1.3 Mb)


All printed publications of the BC Geological Survey are available digitally, free of charge, from this website.


For questions or more information on geology and minerals in British Columbia contact BCGS Mailbox or call toll free (BC Residents only).