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Ministry of Energy Mines and Responsible for Core Review

Preliminary Map No. 36: Geology of the Estella-Kootenay King Area,
Hughes Range
(NTS 082G/11, 12, 13, 14)

by T. H
öy, 1978 

View Map (PDF, 3.5 MB) (1:50 000)


Preliminary Map 36 describes the geology and mineral occurrences of the Estella-Kootenay King area (82G/11, 12, 13, 14) in the Hughes Range of southeastern British Columbia.  The map is at 1:50 000 scale and includes a legend, cross sections and diagrams portraying paleo-directional structures, such as cross beds.  It represents work done in 1976, 1977 and 1988.  An earlier version of the geology was published as Preliminary Map 28.


The oldest strata in the area are within the Helikian (Proterozoic) Purcell Supergroup.  The lowest unit exposed consists of mud-cracked siltstone, argillite and quartzites of the Fort Steele Formation.  These are overlain by the Aldridge Formation with a lower unit consisting mainly of finely laminated argillite and siltstone but also dolomite and dolomitic siltstone, a middle unit of dominantly quartzite and siltstone interlayered with dark argillite, and an upper unit of argillite with minor siltstone.  The overlying Creston Formation consists mainly of siltstone, argillite and quartzite with colours ranging from white to green to purple and locally abundant mud cracks, cross beds and grades beds.  Above is the Kitchener Formation, which consists primarily of dolomite, silty dolomite and siltstone. Above is a siltstone unit, Purcell lavas with interbeds of siltstone and argillite.  The overlying Sheppard Formation consists of dolomite, siltstone and quartzite.  The Gateway Formation siltstone, argillite, dolomite and limestone are overlain by red to purple argillite and siltstone of the Phillips Formation, then green siltstone and argillite of the Roosville Formation.  All the older rocks are cut by Purcell sills and dikes.


Overlying but still Hadrynian conglomerate, siltstone and argillite are within the Toby Formation.


Cambrian dolomite and marble of the Jubilee Formation and quartzite of the Cranbrook Formation overlie the Proterozoic rocks.  The only intrusive rocks in the area are Cretaceous (?) quartz monzonite and syenite.


Large scale overturned folds are offset by north-south faults and east-west cross faults.  Reverse faults are generally steeply inclined and shallow normal faults or slides occur.


The past producing Estella and Kootenay King deposits are within the map-area.  Estella is classified as a polymetallic vein deposit with commodities Ag-Pb-Zn±Au.  The veins also carry cadmium and copper values. Kootenay King is classified as a sedimentary exhalative deposit with commodities Zn-Pb-Ag.  


The deposit also has values in cadmium.




























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For questions or more information on geology and minerals in British Columbia contact BCGS Mailbox or call toll free (BC Residents only).