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Ministry of Energy Mines and Responsible for Core Review

GeoFile 2011-4:  Geology and Geochemistry of Carbonate-hosted Nonsulphide Zn-Pb Mineralization in Southern and Central BC

by S. Paradis, G.J. Simandl, H. Keevil and M. Raudsepp 

View GeoFile 2011-4 (PDF, 10.4 MB)


Carbonate-hosted, nonsulphide base metal deposits of the Kootenay terrane (Salmo district), adjacent Cariboo terrane (Quesnel Lake district), and elsewhere in BC have near-surface Zn- and Pb-bearing iron oxide-rich gossans formed by supergene processes. The nonsulphide deposits of the Salmo district, which occur mainly as large irregular replacement masses, encrustations, or open-space fillings, consist predominantly of Fe-oxyhydroxides, goethite, hematite, hemimorphite, and minor smithsonite, hydrozincite and cerussite. They contain 0.8-23% Zn, 0.7-5% Pb, and >20% Fe.  Deposits of the Quesnel Lake district consist of pervasive fine-grained sulphide and nonsulphide disseminations and aggregates forming pods and masses, sulphide- and nonsulphide-bearing quartz (±calcite) veins, and crackle breccias. Sulphides are galena, sphalerite, and trace amounts of pyrite. Nonsulphides are smithsonite, hemimorphite, cerussite, hydrozincite, and anglesite. Grab samples assayed 17.3-51.0% Zn, 0.1-1.5% Pb, and 0.4-0.8% Fe. In most occurrences of both districts, the spatial continuity and/or the close spatial relationships in combination with morphological similarities between sulphide and associated nonsulphide zones suggest direct replacement of sulphides by nonsulphide base metal-bearing minerals.  


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