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Ministry of Energy Mines and Responsible for Core Review

Appendix VIII - Glossary of Historic & Equivalent Mineral Names

 

Historic Mineral Name Current Alias
Alumina = Aluminum oxide
Antimonite = Stibnite
Antimony glance = Stibnite
Barytes = Barite
Blue John = Fluorite (purple/blue)
Blackjack = Sphalerite
Brimstone = Sulphur
Calamine = Hemimorphite (+ Smithsonite, Hydrozincite oxide zinc ores)
Calcium Tungstate = Scheelite
Calcspar = Calcite
Cave Cotton = Gypsum
Chrome Mica = Fuchsite and/or Mariposite
Copper Carbonate-blue (or Blue Copper Ore) = Azurite
Copper Carbonate-green = Malachite
Copper Glance = Chalcocite
Cobalt Bloom = Erythrite
Electrum = Amalgum of native gold & silver
Emery = Spinel
Epsom Salt = Magnesium Sulphate
Fool's Gold = Usually chalcopyrite but may be pyrite or sometimes sericite
Flint = Silica
Fluorspar = Fluorite
Glauber's Salt = Magnesium Sulphate
Green Lead Ore = Pyromorphite (Apatite (Pb5(PO4)5Cl))
Gray Antimony = Stibnite
Gray Copper = Tetrahedrite
Horseflesh Ore = Bornite
Herkimer Diamond = Quartz crystal
Heavy Spar = Barite (or Feldspar)
Iron Glance = Hematite (specularite)
Iron Spar = Siderite
Iceland Spar = Calcite
Kupfernickel = Niccolite
Lodestone = Magnetite
Mispickel = Arsenopyrite
Mountain Leather or Mountain Cork = Weathered Asbestos
Molybdenum Bloom = Powellite
Nickel Bloom = Annabergite
Nickel Glance = Gersdorffite
Peacock Copper = Bornite
Ruby Silver = Pyrargyrite
Salt Cake = Sodium sulphate
Silver Glance = Tetrahedrite
Silicate of Copper = Chrysocolla
Spathic Iron = Siderite
Sulphide of Copper & Silver = Stromeyerite (50% Cu & 32% Ag)
Tiff = Calcite or Barite
Tinstone = Cassiterite
Titanic Iron Ore = Ilmenite
Tripoli = Diatomite
Wad = Manganese Oxide
White Lead Ore = Cerussite
White Pyrite = Marcasite
Wood Tin = Botryoidal Cassiterite
Yellow Copper = Chalcopyrite
Yellow Lead Ore = Wulfenite
Yellow Arsenic = Orpiment
Zinc Blende = Sphalerite
Zinc Spar = Smithsonite